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Beizhan Economic Dynamic Energy Theory 

备战经济动能理论


Abstract


In this article, the author uniquely put forward Beizhan Economic Dynamic Energy Theory for the first time; this theory clearly illustrates the relationship between Economic Dynamic (ED) and Economic Dynamic Energy (EDE) in economic growth. This paper also analyzes the economic dynamic of regional economies at different levels in more details, and gives calculation formulas for different economic dynamic energies, net values, and related ratios. This theory also unifies the sections of market science and economic science related to economic growth. This theory has proved the rightness of the thought of ​​Unified Economics again.

(NoteThe different English translations of “经济动力” are: economic power, economic momentum, etc. Here they are unified as “Economic Dynamic”. Its singular and plural forms are defined as the same. Of causedynamic can be referred as dynamic status property in other places. The different translations of “经济动能” are: economic kinetic energy, economic momentum, etc. Here they are unified as: Economic Dynamic Energy. In this way, the dynamic, dynamic status and dynamic energy of the economic system are all consistent.)

1.       Introduction

Economic growth is an economic issue that everyone is most concerned about, and it is also a topic studied by economists with the most in-depths and extensiveness. Economic administrators also often talk about economic growth. For example: "economic dynamic energy conversion", "increasing new economic dynamic energy", and so on. The theory of economic dynamics has also been proposed long time ago.

But I find that the existing knowledge lacks systematicness and lacks the support of microeconomic facts. The understanding and application of concepts of economic dynamic and economic dynamic energy are confused. Therefore, I propose Beizhan economic dynamic energy theory, unify the concepts and calculations of economic growth from microeconomics to macroeconomics, and unify the related concepts in market science and economic science. This theory will provide administrators at all levels of economic regions, including administrators of enterprises, with a powerful theory of economic growth, so as to scientifically set the economic dynamic and achieve the predetermined economic dynamic energy, so as to achieve the required economic growth.

2.       Existing concepts

2.1.    Economic dynamics [1]

"Economic Dynamics: A science that uses the principles and methods of dynamics to study economic movements and their laws. Economic dynamics is a new interdisciplinary discipline that arises from the combination of economics and dynamics." [1]

In related introductions, this theory seems to consider environmental pressure as the dynamic of economic decision-making [2], but it does not specifically indicate the connotation of economic dynamic. From other articles on economic dynamics, it seems that the economic environment is more emphasized than the connotation of economic dynamic.

According to my understanding, the economic dynamic shall be specific. Just like we play golf, only when we strongly hit the golf ball with a golf ball stick, the golf ball will fly highly into the air. The force of the golf ball stick is the dynamic of the golf ball. This kind dynamic is very specific.

2.2.    Economic dynamic energy

In the report <<Research on the dynamic energy of industrial economic development energy and its measurement model>> drafted by Professor Fang Zhigeng of Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics [3], he defined regional economic dynamic energy as the product of regional GDP and the GDP growth rate. The logical rationality of this approach is worth consideration. It also does not consider the relationship between economic dynamic and economic dynamic energy.

In my point of views, economic dynamic energy is the economic achievements produced by economic dynamic. Taking playing golf ball as an example again, how far can a golf ball fly after being hit and can it fall into the hole? This is the result of the force of the golf ball stick.

The application of physics thought in economics research shall be logically reasonable.

3.       Beizhan economic dynamic energy theory

3.1.    Basic concepts

3.1.1. Economic growth

Economic growth, what is economic growth? At present, the concepts of economic growth are mostly aimed at the macroeconomy. For example: "Economic growth usually refers to the continuous increase in the level of per capita output (or per capita income) of a country over a long time span." [4]. Here I give a more unified definition of economic growth:

Economic growth means that within a certain statistical period of time (such as: one year), the added production value of an economic system [5] is greater than zero. When its added production value is less than or equal to zero, it can be called as negative growth or zero growth [4]. Popularly speaking, economic growth can also be referred to as added production value.

3.1.1.1.  Hierarchical subdivision of economic growth 

According to the hierarchy of production value in Unified Economics, economic growth can also be subdivided into:

3.1.1.1.1.         Marketized economic growth

Marketized economic growth refers to the marketized added production value [5] of an economic system within a certain statistical period of time (such as: one year) is greater than zero.

3.1.1.1.2.         Green economic growth

Green economic growth refers to the green added production value [5] of an economic system within a certain statistical period of time (such as: one year) is greater than zero.

It shall be noted that the meaning of green economy here is different from that of environmental protection economy. This is a total concept.

3.1.1.2.  Mechanism subdivision of economic growth

According to the mechanism of economic growth, economic growth can be subdivided into:

3.1.1.2.1.         Natural economic growth

Natural economic growth is the economic growth without any modulation mechanism, which is also what we often talk about eating with the sky. For example: the economic growth achieved by an enterprise without any marketing measures.

3.1.1.2.2.         Modulated economic growth

Modulated economic growth is the economic growth achieved by utilizing a certain modulation mechanism. The so-called modulation mechanism is also the economic dynamic that we will talk about hereunder.

3.1.2. Economic dynamic

3.1.2.1.  Definition

Economic dynamic are measures, means, methods, policies, etc. which can enable the economy of an economic system to achieve growth. For example: tax incentive policies, market guiding policies, marketing sales strategies, and so on. Economic dynamic can also be called as market dynamic in the micro-domain, so it is unified with market science. Taking playing golf as an example again, the force exerted by the golf ball stick on the golf ball is neither the golf ball stick nor the golf ball, but is the modulation mechanism of the golf ball stick on the golf ball.

In practical applications, economic dynamic energy generated by economic dynamic which have not yet functioned can be considered as expected economic dynamic energy.

3.1.2.2.  Classification

Economic dynamic can be simply classified as:

3.1.2.2.1.         Market type

3.1.2.2.2.         Innovation type

3.1.2.2.3.         Industrial type

3.1.2.2.4.         Resource type

3.1.2.2.5.         Currency finance type

3.1.2.2.6.         Advantage type

3.1.2.2.7.         Policy type

3.1.2.2.8.         Other types

The classifications here are overlapping, which means that a certain economic dynamic may belong to one or more types, and we will not discuss them here.

3.1.3. Economic dynamic energy

3.1.3.1.  Economic dynamic energy

Economic dynamic energy is the added production value (economic growth) achieved by a certain economic system under the action of a certain economic dynamic. This is an indicator reflecting the changes in the overall operating status of the economy under the action of economic dynamic. Economic dynamic energy can also be called market dynamic energy in the micro-domain, so it is unified with market science.

3.1.3.1.1.         Natural economic dynamic energy

Natural economic dynamic energy is the added production value achieved by an economic system without any economic dynamic.

Natural economic dynamic energy (EDE0) = added production value achieved by a certain economic system A without any economic dynamic within a certain statistical period of time (such as: one year)

3.1.3.1.2.         Single economic dynamic energy

Single economic dynamic energy is the added production value achieved by a certain economic system under the action of a certain economic dynamic.

Single economic dynamic energy (EDE) = added production value achieved by a certain economic system A under the action of a certain economic dynamic a within a certain statistical period of time (such as: one year)

3.1.3.1.3.         Total economic dynamic energy

Total economic dynamic energy is the added production value achieved by an economic system under the actions of all economic dynamic. Total economic dynamic energy can also be referred to as economic dynamic energy simply.

Total economic dynamic energy (EDEs) = EDE achieved by a certain economic system A under the action of a certain economic dynamic within a certain statistical period of time (such as: one year)

(Scope of : 1 – N: N is the total number of economic dynamic acted on economic system A)

3.1.3.2.  Net value of economic dynamic energy

The net value of economic dynamic energy refers to the difference between the economic dynamic energy achieved by an economic system and its natural economic dynamic energy under the action of a certain economic dynamic. This indicator is an accurate indicator of the strength of economic dynamic.

3.1.3.2.1.         Net value of single economic dynamic energy

The net value of single economic dynamic energy refers to the difference between the economic dynamic energy of a certain economic system and its natural economic dynamic energy.

Net value of single economic dynamic energy (netEDE) = EDE – EDE0

3.1.3.2.2.         Total net value of economic dynamic energy

The total net value of economic dynamic energy refers to the difference between the total economic dynamic energy of an economic system and its natural economic dynamic energy. The total net economic dynamic energy can also be referred to net economic dynamic energy simply.

Total net value of economic dynamic energy (netEDEs) = EDEs – EDE0

3.1.3.3.  Economic dynamic cost

3.1.3.3.1.         Cost of a single economic dynamic

The single economic dynamic cost is the production cost incurred by a certain economic system under the action of a certain economic dynamic.

Cost of a single economic dynamic = the production cost incurred by a certain economic system A under the action of a certain economic dynamic a within a certain statistical period of time (such as: one year)

3.1.3.3.2.         Total economic dynamic cost

The total economic dynamic cost is the sum of the production costs incurred by an economic system under the actions of all economic dynamic.

Total economic dynamic cost = single economic dynamic cost of a certain economic dynamic acted on a certain economic system A within a certain statistical period of time (such as: one year)

(Scope of : 1 – N: N is the total number of economic dynamic acted on economic system A)

3.1.3.4.  Economic dynamic energy (net value) efficiency

Economic dynamic energy (net value) efficiency refers to the ratio of the economic dynamic energy (net value) of an economic system to its corresponding economic dynamic cost within a certain statistical period of time (such as: one year). This is an indicator reflecting the growth efficiency of economic growth created by economic dynamic.

3.1.3.4.1.         Single economic dynamic energy (net value) efficiency

Single economic dynamic energy (net value) efficiency = single economic dynamic energy (net value) / its corresponding single economic dynamic cost

3.1.3.4.2.         Total economic dynamic energy (net value) efficiency

Total economic dynamic energy (net value) efficiency = total economic dynamic energy (net value) / its corresponding total economic dynamic cost

3.2.    Subdivision of economic dynamic energy

According to the hierarchy of production value in Unified Economics, economic dynamic energy can also be subdivided into:

3.2.1. Marketized economic dynamic energy

Marketized economic dynamic energy is the marketized added production value achieved by an economic system under the actions of economic dynamic.

When calculating marketized economic dynamic energy, net value and related ratios, it is only necessary to replace the added production value in economic dynamic energy with the marketized added production value.

3.2.2. Green economic dynamic energy

Green economic dynamic energy is the green added production value achieved by an economic system under the actions of economic dynamic.

When calculating the green economic dynamic energy, net value and related ratios, it is only necessary to replace the added production value in economic dynamic energy with the green added production value.

3.3.    Regional economic dynamic and dynamic energy subdivision

3.3.1. Single enterprise

3.3.1.1.  Enterprise economic dynamic

3.3.1.1.1.         Enterprise local economic dynamic

The enterprise local economic dynamic refers to various market means established by an enterprise itself for economic growth, such as advertising, promotion, and so on.

3.3.1.1.2.         Enterprise non-local economic dynamic

The enterprise non-local economic dynamic refers to various modulation mechanisms established by other organizations (industries, regional governments, national governments, the United Nations, etc.) for the economic growth of the enterprise.

3.3.1.1.3.         Enterprise economic dynamic

Enterprise economic dynamic = Enterprise local economic dynamic set + Enterprise non-local economic dynamic set

3.3.1.2.  Enterprise economic dynamic energy 

3.3.1.2.1.         Enterprise local economic dynamic energy

Enterprise local economic dynamic energy = economic dynamic energy generated by the local economic dynamic of an enterprise

3.3.1.2.2.         Enterprise non-local economic dynamic energy

Enterprise non-local economic dynamic energy = economic dynamic energy generated by the non-local economic dynamic of an enterprise

3.3.1.2.3.         Enterprise economic dynamic energy

Enterprise economic dynamic energy = enterprise local economic dynamic energy + enterprise non-local economic dynamic energy

3.3.2. Single industry

3.3.2.1.  Industry economic dynamic

3.3.2.1.1.         Industry local economic dynamic

Industry local economic dynamic refers to the various modulation mechanisms established by an industry in an economic region for the economic growth of the industry.

3.3.2.1.2.         Industry non-local economic dynamic

Industry non-local economic dynamic refers to the various modulation mechanisms established by other organizations (regional governments, national governments, United Nations, etc.) for the economic growth of the industry.

3.3.2.1.3.         Industry economic dynamic

Industry economic dynamic = industry local economic dynamic set + industry non-local economic dynamic set

3.3.2.2.  Industry economic dynamic energy

3.3.2.2.1.         Industry local economic dynamic energy

Industry local economic dynamic energy = economic dynamic energy generated by local economic dynamic of an industry

3.3.2.2.2.         Industry non-local economic dynamic energy

Industry non-local economic dynamic energy = economic dynamic energy generated by non-local economic dynamic of an industry

3.3.2.2.3.         Industry economic dynamic energy

3.3.2.2.3.1.   Industry economic dynamic energy 

Industry economic dynamic energy = industry local economic dynamic energy + industry non-local economic dynamic energy 

3.3.2.2.3.2.   Whole industry economic dynamic energy

Whole industry economic dynamic energy = enterprise economic dynamic energy of a certain enterprise in the industry

(Scope of
: 1 – N: N is the total number of enterprises in a certain industry)

3.3.3. Regional industries

3.3.3.1.  Regional industry economic dynamic

3.3.3.1.1.         Regional industry local economic dynamic

Regional industry local economic dynamic = the set of all industry local economic dynamic of a certain region

3.3.3.1.2.         Regional industry non-local economic dynamic

Regional industry non-local economic dynamic = the set of all industry non-local economic dynamic of a certain region

3.3.3.1.3.         Regional industry economic dynamic

Regional industry economic dynamic = regional industry local economic dynamic set + regional industry non-local economic dynamic set

3.3.3.2.  Regional industry economic dynamic energy

3.3.3.2.1.         Regional industry local economic dynamic energy

Regional industry local economic dynamic energy = industry local economic dynamic energy of a certain industry in a certain economic region

(Scope of : 1 – N: N is the total number of industries in the economic region)

3.3.3.2.2.         Regional industry non-local economic dynamic energy

Regional industry non-local economic dynamic energy = industry non-local economic dynamic energy of a certain industry in a certain economic region

(Scope of : 1 – N: N is the total number of industries in the region)

3.3.3.2.3.         Regional whole industry economic dynamic energy

Regional whole industry economic dynamic energy = whole industry economic dynamic energy of a certain industry in a certain economic region

(Scope of : 1 – N: N is the total number of industries in the region)

3.3.4. Regional Government

As a unique industry in regional economy, the government's economic dynamic shall be considered from two aspects, one is its role in promoting regional economic growth, and the other is its role of maintaining its own economic growth. Its second role cannot be encouraged.

3.3.4.1.  Government economic dynamic

3.3.4.1.1.         Government's own economic dynamic 

3.3.4.1.1.1.   Government local economic dynamic

The government local economic dynamic refers to the various modulation mechanisms adopted by a regional government to promote its own economic growth, such as the increase in land taxes, and so on.

3.3.4.1.1.2.   Government non-local economic dynamic

The government non-local economic dynamic refers the various modulation mechanisms adopted by a regional government's superior government or other non-governmental organizations to promote the economic growth of that level of governmen

3.3.4.1.1.3.   Government's own economic dynamic

Government's own economic dynamic = Government local economic dynamic set + Government non-local economic dynamic set

3.3.4.1.2.         Government market economic dynamic (market economic driving force)

The government market economic dynamic refers to the various modulation mechanisms adopted by a regional government to promote the economic growth of the industries and enterprises under its jurisdiction. This is actually a regional government's driving force for the local economy, such as: various economic revitalization policies.

3.3.4.2.  Economic dynamic energy

3.3.4.2.1.         Government's own economic dynamic energy

3.3.4.2.1.1.   Government local economic dynamic energy

Government local economic dynamic energy = economic dynamic energy generated by a certain regional government’s local economic dynamic

3.3.4.2.1.2.   Government non-local economic dynamic energy

Government non-local economic dynamic energy = economic dynamic energy generated by a certain regional government’s non-local economic dynamic

3.3.4.2.1.3.   Government's own economic dynamic energy

Government's own economic dynamic energy = a certain regional government's local economic dynamic energy + this certain regional government's non-local economic dynamic energy

3.3.4.2.2.         Government market economic dynamic energy (economic promotion effectiveness)

Government market economic dynamic energy = economic dynamic energy generated by the market economic dynamic of a certain regional Government

3.3.5. Regional Economy

3.3.5.1.  Regional economic dynamic

Regional economic dynamic = local economic dynamic set of regional enterprises + local economic dynamic set of regional industries + local economic dynamic set of regional governments + market economic dynamic set of regional governments + other economic dynamic set

3.3.5.2.  Regional economic dynamic energy

Regional economic dynamic energy = regional whole industry economic dynamic energy + a certain regional government's own economic dynamic energy

(Scope of
: 1 – N: N is the total number of governments in the region)

3.3.6. Macroeconomy

Macroeconomy is equivalent to regional economy.

4.       Summary

Beizhan economic dynamic energy theory discusses the relationship between the dynamic and the results (economic dynamic energy) of regional economic growth in details, and gives the definitions and calculation formulas of regional economic dynamic and dynamic energy at different levels. This will allow administrators of the regional economy to systematically design economic dynamic and achieve the economic dynamic energy it needs, so as to achieve the expected economic growth. Beizhan economic dynamic energy theory provides yet another powerful magic weapon for achieving the rational prosperity.

 

1.  引言

经济增长是大家所最为关心的经济议题,也是经济学者研究最为深入和广泛的议题。经济管理者也常常将经济增长挂在嘴边。例如:“经济动能转换”,“增加经济新动能”,等等。经济动力论也早有人提出。但我发现现有的知识缺乏系统性,也缺乏微观经济事实的支持。对于经济动力和经济动能概念的理解和应用有所混淆。故此,我在此提出备战经济动能理论,将经济增长的概念和计算从微观经济到宏观经济统一起来,将市场学和经济学中的相关概念统一起来。这一理论将为各级经济区域的管理者,包括企业的管理者,提供有力的经济增长理论,从而科学地设定经济动力,实现所预定的经济动能,从而达到所需要的经济增长。

2.  现有的概念

2.1.       经济动力学[1]

经济动力学:运用动力学的原理和方法研究经济运动及其规律的一门科学。经济动力学是经济学和动力学相结合而产生的新兴交叉学科。[1]

在相关的介绍中,该理论似乎将环境压力视作经济决策的动力[2] ,但其并未特别指明经济动力的内涵。从其它介绍经济动力学的文章中,似乎也都特别强调经济环境,而非经济动力的内涵。

就本人理解来看,经济动力应该是具体的,就像我们打高尔夫球一样,只有当我们用高尔夫球杆猛击高尔夫球时,高尔夫球才会腾空飞起,高尔夫球杆的作用力就是高尔夫球的动力,这种动力是非常具体的。

2.2.       经济动能

中国南京航空航天大学的方志耕教授在其报告《产业经济发展动能及其测度模型研究》[3]中,将区域经济动能定义为区域GDPGDP增速的乘积。这种做法的逻辑合理性值得考虑。其也没有考虑经济动力同经济动能的关系。

在本人看来,经济动能就是经济动力所产生的经济成果,再以打高尔夫球为例,受力后的高尔夫球能够飞出多远,能不能落入球洞,这就是高尔夫球杆作用力的结果。

对于物理学思想在经济学研究中的应用应该是具有逻辑合理性的。

3.  备战经济动能理论

3.1.       基本概念

3.1.1. 经济增长

经济增长,什么是经济增长?目前,经济增长的概念大都是针对宏观经济的。例如:经济增长通常是指在一个较长的时间跨度上,一个国家人均产出(或人均收入)水平的持续增加。 [4] 。这里我给出一个较为统一的经济增长的定义:

经济增长是指在某一个统计时间段内(例如:一年), 某一个经济系统的生产价值增值[5]大于零。当其生产价值增值小于零或等于零时可以称之为负增长或零增长[4]

3.1.1.1.   经济增长的层次性细分

依据统一的经济学中生产价值的层次性,经济增长也可以细分为:

3.1.1.1.1.    市场化经济增长

市场化经济增长是指在某一个统计时间段内(例如:一年), 某一个经济系统的市场化生产价值增值[5]大于零。

3.1.1.1.2.    绿色经济增长

绿色经济增长是指在某一个统计时间段内(例如:一年), 某一个经济系统的绿色生产价值增值[5]大于零。

需要注意的是这里的绿色经济的含义同环保经济是不同的,这是一个总体性的概念。

3.1.1.2.   经济增长的机制性细分

依照经济增长的机制,经济增长可以细分为:

3.1.1.2.1.    自然经济增长

自然经济增长就是没有任何调制机制的经济增长,也就是我们常讲的靠天吃饭。例如:一个企业在没有任何市场推广措施下而实现的经济增长。 

3.1.1.2.2.    调制经济增长

调制经济增长就是利用一定的调制机制而实现的经济增长,所谓的调制机制也就是我们下面要讲的经济动力

3.1.2. 经济动力

3.1.2.1.   定义

经济动力就是能够使某一个经济系统的经济实现增长的措施,手段,方法,政策,等等。例如:税收优惠政策,市场导向政策,市场销售策略,等等。经济动力在微观域中也可以被称为市场动力,这样就同市场学统一了起来。再以打高尔夫球为例,球杆对高尔夫球的作用力既不是高尔夫球杆,也不是高尔夫球,而是高尔夫球杆对高尔夫球的调制机制。

在实际应用中,尚未发挥作用的经济动力所产生的经济动能可以视为预期的经济动能。

3.1.2.2.   分类

经济动力可以简单地作以下分类:

3.1.2.2.1.    市场型

3.1.2.2.2.    创新型

3.1.2.2.3.    产业型

3.1.2.2.4.    资源型

3.1.2.2.5.    金融型

3.1.2.2.6.    优势型

3.1.2.2.7.    政策型

3.1.2.2.8.    其它类型

这里的分类是有交叉的,也就是说某一种经济动力可能会属于一个或多个类型,这里不再展开讨论。

3.1.3. 经济动能

3.1.3.1.   经济动能

经济动能就是在一定的经济动力作用下,某一个经济系统所实现的经济增长。这是反映在经济动力作用下,经济总体运行状况改变的指标。经济动能在微观域中也可以被称为市场动能,这样就同市场学统一了起来。

3.1.3.1.1.    自然经济动能

自然经济动能就是在没有任何经济动力作用下,某一个经济系统所实现的生产价值增值。

自然经济动能(EDE0= 在某一个统计时间段内(例如:一年), 某一个经济系统A在没有任何经济动力的情况下所实现的生产价值增值

3.1.3.1.2.    单一经济动能

单一经济动能就是在某一个经济动力作用下,某一个经济系统所实现的生产价值增值。

单一经济动能(EDE= 在某一个统计时间段内(例如:一年), 某一个经济系统A在某一个经济动力a的作用下所实现的生产价值增值

3.1.3.1.3.    总经济动能

总经济动能就是在所有经济动力作用下,某一个经济系统所实现的生产价值增值。总经济动能也可以简称为经济动能。

总经济动能(EDEs = 在某一个统计时间段内(例如:一年), 某一个经济系统A的某一个经济动力所产生的单一经济动能(EDE

(⅀的范围: 1 – N: N为作用于经济系统A的经济动力的总数目)

3.1.3.2.   经济动能净值

经济动能净值是指某一个经济系统在一定的经济动力作用下所实现的经济动能同其自然经济动能的差值。这一指标是反映经济动力强弱的精确指标。

3.1.3.2.1.    单一经济动能净值

单一经济动能净值是指某一个经济系统的某一项经济动能同其自然经济动能的差值。

单一经济动能净值(netEDE= EDE – EDE0

3.1.3.2.2.    总经济动能净值

总经济动能净值是指某一个经济系统的总经济动能同其自然经济动能的差值。总经济动能净值也可以简称为经济动能净值。

总经济动能净值(netEDEs= EDEs – EDE0

3.1.3.3.   经济动力成本

3.1.3.3.1.    单一经济动力成本

单一经济动力成本就是在某一个经济动力作用下,某一个经济系统所产生的生产成本。

单一经济动力成本 = 在某一个统计时间段内(例如:一年), 某一个经济系统A在某一个经济动力a的作用下所产生的生产成本

3.1.3.3.2.    总经济动力成本

总经济动力成本就是在所有经济动力作用下,某一个经济系统所产生的生产成本总和。

总经济动力成本 = ⅀在某一个统计时间段内(例如:一年), 作用于某一个经济系统A的某一个经济动力的单一经济动力成本

(⅀的范围: 1 – N: N为作用于经济系统A的经济动力的总数目)

3.1.3.4.   经济动能(净值)效率

经济动能(净值)效率是指在某一个统计时间段内(例如:一年), 某一个经济系统的经济动能(净值)同其相应的经济动力成本的比值。这是反映经济动力所创造的经济增长的增长效率的指标。

3.1.3.4.1.    单一经济动能(净值)效率

单一经济动能(净值)效率 = 单一经济动能(净值)/ 其相应的单一经济动力成本

3.1.3.4.2.    总体经济动能(净值)效率

总体经济动能(净值)效率 = 总经济动能(净值)/ 其相应的总经济动力成本

3.2.       经济动能的细分

依据统一的经济学中生产价值的层次性,经济动能也可以细分为:

3.2.1. 市场化经济动能

市场化经济动能就是在经济动力作用下,某一个经济系统所实现的市场化生产价值增值。

在计算市场化经济动能,净值及相关比率时,只需将经济动能中生产价值增值替换为市场化生产价值增值即可。

3.2.2. 绿色经济动能

绿色经济动能就是在经济动力作用下,某一个经济系统所实现的绿色生产价值增值。

在计算绿色经济动能,净值及相关比率时,只需将经济动能中生产价值增值替换为绿色生产价值增值即可。

3.3.       区域经济动力及动能细分

3.3.1. 单一企业

3.3.1.1.   企业经济动力 

3.3.1.1.1.    企业本地经济动力 

企业本地经济动力是指某一个企业自身为经济增长所设立的各种市场手段,例如:广告,促销,等等。 

3.3.1.1.2.    企业非本地经济动力

企业非本地经济动力是指该企业以外的其他机构(行业,区域政府,国家政府,联合国,等等)为企业经济增长所设立的的各种调制机制。 

3.3.1.1.3.    企业经济动力

企业经济动力 = 企业本地经济动力集合 + 企业非本地经济动力集合 

3.3.1.2.   企业经济动能

3.3.1.2.1.    企业本地经济动能

企业本地经济动能 = 某一个企业的本地经济动力所产生的经济动能

3.3.1.2.2.    企业非本地经济动能

企业非本地经济动能 = 某一个企业的非本地经济动力所产生的经济动能

3.3.1.2.3.    企业经济动能

企业经济动能 = 企业本地经济动能 + 企业非本地经济动能

3.3.2. 单一行业

3.3.2.1.   行业经济动力

3.3.2.1.1.    行业本地经济动力 

行业本地经济动力是指某一个经济区域的某一个行业为本行业经济增长所设立的各种调制机制。

3.3.2.1.2.    行业非本地经济动力 

行业非本地经济动力是指上述某一个行业以外的其他机构(区域政府,国家政府,联合国,等等)为此行业经济增长所设定的的各种调制机制。 

3.3.2.1.3.    行业经济动力

行业经济动力 = 某一行业本地经济动力集合 + 该行业非本地经济动力集合

3.3.2.2.   行业经济动能

3.3.2.2.1.    行业本地经济动能

行业本地经济动能 = 某一个行业的本地经济动力所产生的经济动能

3.3.2.2.2.    行业非本地经济动能

行业非本地经济动能 = 某一个行业的非本地经济动力所产生的经济动能

3.3.2.2.3.    行业经济动能

3.3.2.2.3.1.      行业经济动能

行业经济动能 = 某一行业的行业本地经济动能 + 该行业的非本地经济动能

3.3.2.2.3.2.      全行业经济动能

全行业经济动能 = ⅀某一个行业的某一个企业的企业经济动能

(⅀的范围: 1 – N: N为某一个行业的企业总数目)

3.3.3. 区域行业

3.3.3.1.   区域行业经济动力

3.3.3.1.1.    区域行业本地经济动力

区域行业本地经济动力 = 某一个经济区域的所有行业的本地经济动力的集合

3.3.3.1.2.    区域行业非本地经济动力

区域行业非本地经济动力 = 某一个经济区域的所有行业的非本地经济动力的集合

3.3.3.1.3.    区域行业经济动力

区域行业经济动力 = 区域行业本地经济动力 + 区域行业非本地经济动力

3.3.3.2.   区域行业经济动能

3.3.3.2.1.    区域行业本地经济动能

区域行业本地经济动能 = 某一个经济区域的某一个行业的行业本地经济动能

(⅀的范围: 1 – N: N为该经济区域的行业总数目)

3.3.3.2.2.    区域行业非本地经济动能

区域行业非本地经济动能 = 某一个经济区域的某一个行业的行业非本地经济动能

(⅀的范围: 1 – N: N为该经济区域的行业总数目)

3.3.3.2.3.    区域全行业经济动能

区域全行业经济动能 = 某一个经济区域的某一个行业的全行业经济动能

(⅀的范围: 1 – N: N为该经济区域的行业总数目)

3.3.4. 区域政府

政府作为区域经济中的一个独特的行业,其经济动力应该从两个方面来考虑,一个是其对区域经济增长的推动作用,一个是其自身经济增长的维持作用。其第二个作用是不可以鼓励的。

3.3.4.1.   政府经济动力

3.3.4.1.1.    政府自身经济动力

3.3.4.1.1.1.      政府本地经济动力

政府本地经济动力是指某一个区域政府为推动其自身经济增长所采取的各种调制机制,例如:地税的增加,等等。

3.3.4.1.1.2.      政府非本地经济动力

政府非本地经济动力是指某一个区域政府的上级政府或其他非政府机构为推动该级政府自身经济增长所采取的各种调制机制。

3.3.4.1.1.3.      政府自身经济动力

政府自身经济动力 = 政府本地经济动力集合 + 政府非本地经济动力集合

3.3.4.1.2.    政府市场经济动力(市场经济推动力)

政府市场经济动力是指某一个区域政府为推动其所管辖的行业,企业的经济增长所采取的各种调制机制。这实际上是区域政府对本地经济的一种推动力,例如: 各种经济振兴政策。

3.3.4.2.   经济动能

3.3.4.2.1.    政府自身经济动能

3.3.4.2.1.1.      政府本地经济动能

政府本地经济动能 = 某一个区域政府的本地经济动力所产生的经济动能

3.3.4.2.1.2.      政府非本地经济动能

政府非本地经济动能 = 某一个区域政府的非本地经济动力所产生的经济动能

3.3.4.2.1.3.      政府自身经济动能

政府自身经济动能 = 某一个区域政府的本地经济动能 + 该区域政府的 非本地经济动能

3.3.4.2.2.    政府市场经济动能(经济推动效能)

政府市场经济动能 = 某一个区域政府的市场经济动力所产生的经济动能

3.3.5. 区域经济

3.3.5.1.   区域经济动力

区域经济动力 = 区域企业的本地经济动力集合 + 区域行业的本地经济动力集合 + 区域各级政府的自身经济动力集合 + 区域各级政府的市场经济动力集合 + 其它经济动力集合

3.3.5.2.   区域经济动能

区域经济动能 = 区域全行业经济动能 + ⅀区域某一个政府自身经济动能

(⅀的范围:1 – N: N为该区域的政府总数目)

3.3.6. 宏观经济

宏观经济等同于区域经济。

4.  总结

备战经济动能理论详细地论述了区域经济增长的动力及其产生的结果(经济动能)的关系,给出了不同层次的区域经济动力和动能的定义和计算公式。这就使得区域经济的管理者可以有条不紊地设定经济动力,实现其所需要的经济动能,从而实现所预期的经济增长。备战经济动能理论为实现理性的繁荣提供了又一个强大法宝。 

[1].https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E7%BB%8F%E6%B5%8E%E5%8A%A8%E5%8A%9B%E5%AD%A6

[2]. 谷国峰 2003区域经济系统研究中的动力学方法与模型《东北师大学报自然科学版》 Vol. 35 No. 4, P88-93

[3]. 方志耕 (2006) “产业经济发展动能及其测度模型研究南京航空航天大学、经济与管理学院

[4]. https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E7%BB%8F%E6%B5%8E%E5%A2%9E%E9%95%BF/81517

[5]. Beizhan Liu (2017), <<Economic Wheel – Achievement Indicator System of Regional Economics>> in <<Unified Economics>> (pp. 422-443)

 (Note: This paper was written on January 30, 2020. The releasing of this paper at an Economic Conference was postponed due to the Convid-19. I would like to publish it here as a gift for China's  Qixi Festival. Happy Qixi Festival for you all!)

                                                                            Saturday , August 14, 2021

-- Beizhan Liu

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